Posts Tagged ‘A different side of medicine’

TOO MUCH SUN, NOT ENOUGH BRIGHT PEOPLE

July 4, 2017

About a month ago, I felt some scaling on my cheek, saw abnormal skin, and realized it was time to see the dermatologist long before my annual appointment.  Here in Oregon, I get annual appointments; in Arizona, I was seen every six months, which I needed, because I had lived there for decades, the sun angle is higher and there is more sun exposure in general.  Arizona is a hotbed of skin disease.  Worse, I grew up spending a lot of time outdoors, where my parents told me to go outside and play in the sun (along Route 20, I think the pediatrician told them).  Vitamin D was good: we all heard that. I developed many actinic keratoses as a result of all that “good” sun. The four basal cell carcinomas I had were more dangerous, but at least somebody found them in time and cured them with chemotherapy ointment.

Skin cancer is not a big deal if one has periodic checks and gets treated early.  That costs money, requiring insurance and access to dermatologists.  Unfortunately, in the scheme of needed body care, dermatology and dental are not high priorities. If one doesn’t have insurance or access—either one—there is a risk that a melanoma will be missed until it presents with a seizure perhaps, meaning it has metastasized to the brain, or a basal cell cancer presents by eroding deep into skin and bone, treatable only by extensive disfiguring surgery.  The father of a friend of mine died after surgery to try to clear a basal cell cancer that had eroded through his face. My actinic keratosis was treated in twenty seconds of liquid nitrogen therapy.  The blister on my face will be healed in a week.  I won’t discuss dental care other than it is necessary for good health as well as creating a good impression.  Americans are very teeth conscious.

Strep throats are nasty but are easily cured.  Left untreated, because someone cannot afford a doctor’s visit, they will still get better.  Unfortunately, untreated strep throats may have complications as peritonsillar abscess, mastoiditis, retropharyngeal abscess, rheumatic fever with subsequent scarring of the heart valves, and acute glomerulonephritis with kidney failure.  A big reason why I never saw mastoiditis when I practiced medicine was that American children get early treatment for strep.  Take away access to treatment and these diseases will return.  Syphilis has returned to Eugene.  Go to the Third World and you will see people with diseases we Americans never get (polio, tetanus, congenital rubella) and trauma that our “restrictive” safety regulations prevent.  No, we aren’t perfect; every fourth of July, 11 Americans die from mishandled fireworks.  A kid out here blew off his hand last week: “I thought I would have at least two to three seconds.”  He might have had that; people aren’t good judges of time. He now is young with one hand.

We need to ensure people at both ends of the age spectrum have access to affordable, good quality medical care, and then work on those in between.  I had thought we were making progress towards the first until these past few months, when there is now a real possibility we will go backward at least with children on Medicaid.  I would be very naive were I to think Medicare is immune from the chopping block in some form, either.  There are far too many who don’t think they should be taxed to pay for someone else’s medical care, even as these same people are medical care consumers.

I would hope that out of the shooting of Mr. Scalise, there might be an awakening in some circles that each one of us is one bullet away from an unexpected, unforeseen medical catastrophe.  A psychologist I know would have called this being hit with a two by four on the side of the head moment.  I would expand the list from a bullet to one malignant cell, one blood clot, one ruptured vessel in the brainstem, one bacterium, one virus, and one drunk driver.  While some of those have risk factors, virtually none is predictable.  We can screen for cancers, and we can eat right, and that will help, but I, like all doctors and nurses, have seen my share of horror stories: the 29 year-old with aggressive colon cancer, the 24 year-old runner who died after uncomplicated surgery for appendicitis, the 41 year-old man who died from a preventable heart attack, because he couldn’t afford to be screened, a 17 year-old high school student in my class, beautiful, smart, who died after routine thyroid surgery.  Bad stuff can happen to anybody, and not being able to get or to afford care makes a bad situation far worse.

Catastrophes aside, day to day preventive health care gives peace of mind if something isn’t found, and while peace of mind doesn’t have a dollar sign, it has worth: perhaps the pursuit of happiness that is discussed every July fourth.  If something is found early, like a melanoma, an unsuspected heart problem, a small malignancy in the colon, cervix, or prostate, it can be dealt with far more easily, successfully, and yes, cheaply, than waiting until the individual has Stage IV disease and is “found down” or struggles into an emergency department with extensive disease, a bad prognosis, and yes, very expensive, too.

I’m concerned about the 40% of our children covered by Medicaid.  The proportion is not surprisingly higher in the poor, especially in people of color.  A disturbingly large number of children have episodic Medicaid coverage, which is not good for those with chronic diseases, like asthma, who need regular monitoring.  I’m concerned about vaccination status, lead poisoning, and proper nutrition.  If we miss the timeline on these, these children will never catch up and be doomed to a second or lower tier existences.  If we have too many children in this country, which I think we do, then we need more available birth control, not defund Planned Parenthood or take away medical coverage.  What gives?  Let me say it right out:  Paul Ryan is a devout Catholic, and he is going to push the Church’s rules (hopefully not pedophilia, although that is a cheap shot, I admit) down our throats.  Let me keep going.  The Affordable Care Act was signed by a black (half black) president, and that is just too much to tolerate.  In one of my lesser moments in life, my father once accused me of being incredibly irrational.  Yes, I was.  And I learned from it.  (So was my father irrational when it came to the Catastrophic Care Act, which taxed the elderly.)  It’s one thing when I’m irrational.  I hurt the people around me, a very small number.  The Republicans in power are hurting a third of a billion (not counting the rest of the world), because they couldn’t stand a black president and any of his legacy.

What are they thinking?  Do they want more poor people who need more medical care?  Because that is where we are going.  Or do they honestly want to see people die because they aren’t pure in some form?  What is it that they want?  Is it government out of our lives altogether?  Why, when a majority of Americans want Medicare to be left alone, should it be changed?  Why, when a majority of Americans want background checks for firearms, should they not be allowed?  Keeping Medicare is not irrational; wanting background criminal checks before one purchases a weapon is not irrational.

Not making needed preventable and other medical care affordable to every man, woman, and child in this country is irrational.  Not only is it morally right, it will save money in the long run.  Want to save more?  Fund Planned Parenthood and increase family planning.  Wanted children are healthier and will be more productive citizens. It’s necessary, it’s fair.

It’s rational.

A LA CARTE

March 16, 2017

“Politics is not just about power and money games, politics can be about the improvement of people’s lives, about lessening human suffering in our world and bringing about more peace and more justice.”  Paul Wellstone

I miss Paul Wellstone.  The American Health Care Act (AHCA) was pushed through the House at lightning speed.  Fortunately, House bills don’t go directly to the President.  There is the Senate.  The idea, however, was to get this bill passed, so the representatives could go back to their districts without dealing with angry constituents.

Oh, there will be some angry confrontations to be sure, but unlike the roll out of the Affordable Care Act, there will be no debate at town halls.  Then representative Gabrielle Giffords had raucous ones, including one that ended rather quickly when a firearm fell out of a guy’s pocket.  This was, after all, Arizona.  I’d say that Giffords was shot by Tea Party activists, but that isn’t true, not that the truth matters much in today’s America.  No, she was shot by a mentally ill individual who had access to a gun (another story that is going to likely happen again in today’s America, but I won’t discuss that issue here).  The Tea Party was thrilled, I’m sure, since they have no shame, and they are thrilled that the hated “Obamacare” is again repealed.

It is obvious that the Republicans had no health care plan ready for rollout, or they would have had it on the table 3 January, had it passed and to the Senate on 21 January, if they worked on Saturday, which many of “the little people” do.  This bill was cobbled together with little input from many, including other Republicans, who are likely going to be wrong about the anger of their constituents, since the Senate will not pass this bill as it stands.  There appear to be three groups of Republicans: those who like the bill, those who think it didn’t go far enough, and a small, but important few who think what we had was worth preserving.

There is a lot about the AHCA that I could address, but I will stick to five comments.  First, what people call it is important.  A significant number think Obamacare and the ACA are different, and the Republicans succeeded in making “Obamacare” a hated name.  Shame goes to the Democrats and journalists who bought into that.  Currently, there is some effort to tell us not to label the AHCA “Trumpcare,” which Paul Krugman says we should.  I agree with him, even if I have to use the name.  I prefer Voldemort.

Second, the bill has a mandate that if somebody lets his or her insurance lapse, they must pay a 30% increase in premiums to get covered again.  This mandated tax—let’s call it what it is—will hurt many, those who don’t understand insurance, don’t get, open, or understand their mail, and may throw things out without realizing how important they are.  These very people—and there are many of them— stand to be hurt by an increase in premiums, and I suspect their health is normally not very good.  A lot them are poor, elderly, people of color, uneducated, unemployed or underemployed, who won’t be able to understand their coverage.

Third, the notion of à la carte insurance presupposes people know what medical problems they will have in their lifetime.  I’m a neurologist who trained until he was 32, knew a great deal about disease, and I would not have guessed the things I’ve had that I wouldn’t have suspected.  We don’t know what medical conditions we will have. Individuals don’t have that knowledge, Mr. Ryan. When they get ill, they want help and treatment, not to shop to compare insurance companies and enjoy a “free market” with “competition,” comparing plans in the comfort of their trailer home which isn’t paid for, and may not have food or heat.  People don’t have the knowledge to know what the insurance company is offering and more importantly not offering.  Those Mr. Ryan thinks will benefit from competition won’t, because they can’t understand the complexity of medical care.  No, I don’t want people trying to choose what medical conditions they want to cover. They can’t and shouldn’t.

Finally, catastrophic care should be covered, even if it once failed to pass, because it would have taxed only the elderly.  My late father, the epitome of a rational person, became totally unglued about the Catastrophic Care Act of 1988.  I didn’t dare mention it in his presence. Such conditions strike at any age and are almost by definition unpredictable. The biggest killer of people 15-44 is unintentional injury (read: accidents), double that of suicide, homicide, cardiac disease, and cancer, all of which are about the same.  The common causes of ED visits are fever, otitis media, open wounds, contusions, sprains and strains: 1 in 5 in the ED were not insured (in 2010), and given the heavy use of CT and MRI imaging, injuries are expensive to treat.

À la carte coverage, like insuring oneself for what one thinks he will need, should be banned.  As for those who believe men shouldn’t have to pay for women’s health care, this is a slippery slope for people like me who might say I shouldn’t have to pay for people who don’t eat right, smoke, chew, drink, have guns in their homes, don’t wear seat belts, are overweight, don’t exercise, take recreational drugs, and aren’t vegetarian, for a start.  It doesn’t work. We can vary premiums a little, but when we start treading into areas that people are genetically or physically unable to control, we are asking for trouble.  No, I can never get pregnant, but a woman can’t get prostatitis and has a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease than I do.  As for paying for birth control, I can’t think of many better cost-effective remedies, since fewer unwanted children takes pressure off young families, schools, jobs, and the whole health care system.  We ought to pay women for taking birth control pills and tax men who use anti-ED drugs, since we need fewer sperm floating around.

Finally, we need a single payer system, like the one John Conyers introduced again, as he has since 2003.  This would decrease overhead percentage dramatically, allow for standardization where it matters, require negotiation for drug costs, and track illnesses, treatment, quality, and yes—errors.  A single payer system wouldn’t cover everything, but it would cover what Medicare does.  It wouldn’t cover abortion, but it would cover contraception.  It would cover what is scientifically known and rapidly cover what appears to be known. Insurance companies could sell supplementals with varying deductibles, for those who wish them to cover those conditions not necessarily covered under the standard policy, ED drugs being my favorite for non-coverage, but hey, I’m willing to bargain.

My bottom line: repealing the ACA before knowing how many million would lose coverage  was heartless. People will die because of this bill, should it become law. Long term thinking would say providing medical care to the whole country would save money in the long run and be in keeping with our ideals.

At least the ideals we once had.

INTO THE LONG, DARK TUNNEL

January 18, 2017

A few years ago, I had dinner with an old friend, who brought his sister, an ED nurse.  In the conversation, she complained bitterly about people who didn’t have money who sought care in the ED.  They were dirty, smelly, unkempt, “frequent fliers” who misused the system.

My wife asked, “Should they just leave and die?”

The nurse replied, “Yes.”

I am not making this up.

I have been quiet regarding the future of the country.  In large part, I was worn out mentally from the sense I had had for months that the outcome would not be good.  I have long learned when people tell me everything is going to be OK, without solid facts to back up their assertions, it may not be.  I had said for a long time that the Democrats had a good chance of losing the election.  I was right.

We are now entering a time of darkness in America. I have been quiet, because I first had to process how this could have happened, then deal with conflicting emotions about what I was going to do or not do as a result.

I will start with the Affordable Care Act.  That is its name. Use it.  Words matter.  It will be repealed, should the Republicans have their way, and in the foreseeable future they will—8 years minimum in the Executive Branch (you don’t think the Democrats can win again in 4 years, do you?), a generation (20 years) or two in the Judicial, and judging by all the Democratic senators up for re-election in 2018, at least 8 years in the Senate, if not permanently—the ACA and other safety nets are on the chopping block.  I’m hoping the American public will eventually see through this unraveling, but I have little confidence in the American public, who could care less about ideas and competence and more about “scandals to go,” and fail to call bullies out on their lies.

The Republicans have had an irrational hatred of the ACA from its inception and now can kill it. If they had a solid plan to replace it (besides prayer, medical savings accounts, GoFundMe and staying healthy), that they were ready to roll out this spring, had the Democrats only been less intransigent, that would be another matter.  But no, the ACA is being repealed without a replacement.  The CBO (Congressional Budget Office) says this would increase deficits $137 billion by 2025 (about $350 billion total in the interval, from looking at their graph) and increase the uninsured 32 million , many of whom being poor rural whites who voted for the president-elect, ironically, because they didn’t seem to understand until now the consequences, because, well, Hillary couldn’t be trusted and what did we have to lose?….)

The incoming president says he will cover everybody with insurance, but Congressional Republicans have no knowledge of his plan.  Repealing something that is working, however imperfectly, without a plan to replace it is a bad idea.  I am reading letters and posts from people who complain that “the rest of us are subsidizing them.”  One who agrees, a good friend, has a pension and is on Medicare.  Those of us who bought his product and live in America pay for his health care, too.  It’s just not as obvious.  It’s like the Interstate Highway or the National Park System.  They are national, and those in the west for the most part enjoy them on the backs of taxpayers in the east, who are remarkably patient with us.  Of course poor people need subsidies to get medical care.  Did you think they suddenly became rich?  In the past, they were excluded by having pre-existing conditions or skipped care altogether, like columnist Nicholas Christoff’s friend, who one day saw blood in his urine, ignored it because of costs, and discovered months later he had Stage IV prostate cancer.  His friend is dead.  Is that what we want in America?  If I am wrong, please tell me, so I will know I no longer belong in this country, for I say it is NOT wrong to try to cover people who have illnesses that the rest of us should be glad we don’t have. The America I served in uniform overseas is about compassion, not a strict fairness/pull yourself up by your bootstraps/I made it by working and so should you/don’t be so damn lazy/it’s my money not yours. Each of us is a microbe, an aneurysm, a bad driver, a malignant cell, or a blood clot away from incurring a massive multimillion dollar hospital bill.  EACH OF US.  Not providing medical care when we could is immoral.  Yes, immoral.  Of course the ACA costs a lot of money.  Twenty million people are accessing medical care who either didn’t access it earlier or weren’t able to pay for it, and it was subsidized by medical personnel like me or hospitals, who couldn’t buy capital equipment or hire more nurses to improve staffing levels.  Some might say that hospitals should do that anyway and pay administrators less.  I agree, but as one who practiced medicine and became a medical administrator, let me assure you that practicing physicians have neither the knowledge, the discipline, nor the time to run a hospital.  Having a system that isn’t paying executives such outrageous sums would be a good start.  But it won’t insure millions of people.

The ACA has become like climate change, a hatred of something that goes beyond facts to an ideology that ignores facts. With climate change, there is a small definable chance the extremely high confidence we have that it is manmade is wrong.  To argue it can’t possibly be occurring means an individual knows all the salient parameters of the Earth and its atmosphere, how they interacted in the past and how they will interact in the future. That is simply not possible.  The ACA is working for many millions of Americans.  It is far from perfect, a fact due to the intransigence of Republicans who never planned to vote for it and who didn’t try to make it better, only tried to kill it, like the stimulus.  All sorts of catastrophes predicted did not come true.  The ACA hasn’t ruined America, but enough loud people have said that long enough that the public believes it without realizing the numbers of uninsured are at their lowest levels in since about mid-1960s,  when we had about 100 million fewer people in this country, medical care was far cheaper, back in the days when you called a doctor’s office for an appointment, the first question asked was about your medical problem, not your insurance.  Don’t remember that?  I sure do.

I remember In 1984, my colleagues and I basically bankrolled the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System, Arizona’s answer to Medicaid, by not being paid for patients we saw (AHCCCS Non-Certified, which we pronounced Access Non-Cert) because the system didn’t find patients with no insurance until after they came to the ED.  We didn’t like it, but you know what?  We made good money anyway in spite of not being paid for these people. Yeah, I hated being called out at 2 am to see some uninsured drunk guy who wrecked his motorcycle and wasn’t wearing a helmet, because Arizona had repealed that law in 1976.  If the patient were lucky, he might have had enough brain function to cuss me out, threaten to sue me, and not end up in a nursing home vegetative.  It wasn’t fair to me, but life isn’t fair.  I got over it. You don’t let these people die at the side of the road, unlike what folk hero Dr. Ron Paul said, to great applause in 2008 and my friend’s sister said that night at dinner.  We don’t behave that way in my America.

Want to get rid of insurance company markups, high salaries and all sorts of exclusions?  Then expand Medicare, which has such a low overhead and high favorably rating by the elderly that some elderly argued against the ACA by saying, “Keep your government hands off my Medicare,” not even aware the Medicare was government subsidized medical care.  Yes, your taxes would go up, and you would lose money if you were not sick enough in a given year.  In exchange would be peace of mind that a major medical bill wouldn’t bankrupt you.  A physician friend’s husband had a $40,000 ED bill  for a kidney stone. Is it not a good thing to pay for insurance you may not use?  I consider it a good year if my veterinary medical bills are more than my personal ones.  If my house burns down, I have fire insurance. I have peace of mind, a concept apparently not appreciated  by many, because it doesn’t have a dollar sign preceding it.  People with peace of mind about their health tend to be happier. We learned that from the Oregon study where those who received insurance in a lottery didn’t spend time worrying about what would become of them if a child got meningitis, a person passed blood in their urine, they had chest pain, leg swelling, or a breast lump.  I don’t begrudge being taxed to pay for basic health insurance for everybody any more than I don’t begrudge repairing I-35 in Minnesota, for it is part of a national road system, or repairing tornado damage in Alabama. With the latter, however, to be honest, if those people are so anti-government, maybe they should try prayer, passing the hat, or just picking themselves up and doing their own repairs.  I protested paying for a war in Iraq that I felt was unnecessary and illegal, and I resent paying for the 75,000 major hospitalizations annually due to gun violence, when a few decide that we won’t even do background checks.  I resented paying for law enforcement to deal with the occupiers in Malheur, when they broke several laws, bullied people, ruined a small town, and tried to take over lands that belong to me, too.  Life isn’t fair.  Act to change things. I write. That’s my voice.

We have yet to deal with the quality of medical care, which the ACA addressed only slightly.  We haven’t adequately addressed end of life and preventive care, plus a host of other issues that would save money, help people and bring peace of mind simultaneously.  To repeal a major first step, because by God, nobody should get something for nothing in this country, is to condemn many people to bankruptcy, misery, and death.  I thought America was better, but I was conned.  Not by the presidential candidate, but by the gullibility and incredible cowardice of the media and the stupidity of the American public.

It’s time to enter the tunnel.  I will keep my light with me.  I also know which way north is.

MEDICINE BY SCREEN

December 30, 2016

I had been satisfied with my internist.  She once saw me on short notice for a problem, which I really appreciated, but unfortunately left the mega-group to join a smaller local practice.  I decided to stay with the mega-group, since my records were there and I was seeing 3 other specialists there as well. A retired internist told me that a lot of doctors came to the mega-group and didn’t stay long.

On the appointed day, I arrived for what I thought was a Medicare Wellness Exam, taken back to the exam room by the medical assistant.  I gave her my unclothed weight, so as to avoid the issue I had at cardiology, where they took my weight fully clothed and then used that to compute my BMI to two decimal places.  One is plenty; too many feel that adding decimal places improves accuracy.  In some circumstances, it does.  This wasn’t one.

The medical assistant then took my history.  I am a surprised these days how many non-physicians not only have access to my medical information, but take it from me.  There was a time when we physicians actually did all this ourselves.  We didn’t have scribes, we dictated notes, and some of us even read them before signing.  It may have been slower, but all those people have to be paid, too.  I called people in from the waiting room myself, because neurologists learned a lot about a patient by watching how they arose from a chair, walked, spoke, shook hands, and sat down.  I diagnosed many with Parkinson’s before they ever reached the exam room.  I diagnosed myopathies when patients couldn’t get up easily from a chair, foot drops and hemiparesis from their gait.  Now, the exam room has become almost an inner sanctum, given by some of the routes I take to get into one.

Anyway, in these days of extremely busy physicians, I figured I better say whatever was on my mind in a hurry so it got into the record. The assistant then recommended a DEXA scan for my bones, which I thought odd, since I don’t have any risk factors I know of for osteoporosis except age.  But knowledge changes.  She finished and said the doctor would be right in, since the latter was done with the previous patient.

I waited 20 minutes.  That’s a lot in the inner sanctum.  Yeah, I know.  Doctors keep patients waiting.  I seldom did.

The physician came in and introduced herself.  I stood, as I always do, then sat down.  She then placed herself in front of the computer and started reading from the screen, first concern being my diazepam dosage.  I told her I took it for a GU condition where it was the only thing that worked (leaving out the story how I had discovered that, nobody else).  I told her I had tapered the original low dose more than 60%, but she was still bothered, because of federal regulations about this sort of drug.  She barely glanced at me, eyes instead fixed on the computer screen.

Diazepam is quite safe in low doses, yet we allowed Oxycontin to be marketed as a first line drug for musculoskeletal and chronic pain, which anybody with sense knew was a bad idea.  My internist, fixated on Diazepam, couldn’t find it in my records who prescribed it for me.  I finally said who had, but it wasn’t in the computer, and during this time, she continued to be look more at the screen than at me.  This is apparently the new medicine.  Everything is electronic, which can be good.  I get neatly typed records online, which are helpful, except for BMI to 2 decimal places and no comment about the little things in aging, like hearing, vision, sleep, and moods, affect me, and a diagnosis of Chronic Pelvic Pain, when I had no pain, only discomfort, which is a significant difference, trust me.  I almost didn’t get my needed blood work, because she didn’t appreciate that the last I had was in 2015, not this year. At least the DEXA wasn’t necessary.  Nobody asked about dental care.  It matters now, because we know now that periodontal disease affects health a great deal. The human cost of medicine by screen is failure to look at the patient, from whom much information comes.

Additionally, if something is inputted wrong, it tends to stay there. Imagine if you are my age, not a physician, with a lot of medical problems, and aren’t thinking clearly.  What happens to you if something is missing, not noticed, not picked up, not addressed?

At my age, I start answering questions like that with, “You die.”

By now, I felt like a major drug abuser.  I stopped mentioning my other concerns, like what she thought about statins. She dismissed my concerns about weight and waist with “do crunches,” which don’t fix the problem. She felt a little edema in my leg, assured me it wasn’t heart failure, which I knew, and said it was probably venous insufficiency, and I should lift my legs up when sitting. I decided that wearing support hose, like I did when I was an intern, was better.  She quickly listened to my heart and lungs and I was done.  At least I thought I was.  I was told to call a week prior to wanting the nasty drug I was taking, because these things took a week to fill.   Why? This stuff should be done electronically in seconds.  I filled requests the same day when I practiced, and I often called the pharmacy myself.

In her position, I might have moved from the computer to where I was sitting to directly across from the patient, asking about retirement, Medicare, money, meditation, depression, sleep, support systems, what it’s like when your body can’t do what it once did or does what it once didn’t. She would have heard a lot, and that’s the problem, because hearing a lot takes precious minutes that could be used to ….  well, do what, pray tell?  Help a patient?

A few minutes later, yet another medical assistant came in to hand me the papers that were printed.  I certainly get nice notes at the end of my visits, which my patients never did.  Indeed, if I had a question about my BMI to 2 decimal places with my clothes on, I could request a change at my next appointment.  The problem was I wasn’t given any other appointment.  I was told to see her if I needed to.  The appointment time to get into see a new internist in Eugene is 11 months.  Followups? For GI, 5 months.  For Derm, 4 months.  For GU 2 months.

Four days later, I got a call telling me that my doctor wanted me to come in in March—only four months’ distant—for a Medicare Wellness Exam.  I thought that is what I had had.  Did they want it in a new calendar year?  Or was there something else I didn’t know about?  I’m not sure what to do at the moment.

If I only had that screen, it would tell me.

WEIGHTY TOPIC

December 13, 2016

“Hey Mike, you’ve got a little bulge in your stomach,” I heard, as I reached to the base of the final climb to Larison Rock.  At this point, I had climbed 2000’ in 3.5 miles. As hike leader I had bushwhacked around an impassable blowdown, found an alternative route, and made sure everybody got around it without difficulty.  I wasn’t even breathing hard on this hike.

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Douglas fir blowdown, Larison Rock Trail; November 2016

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Sun through trees, top of Larison Rock Trail; November 2015

I knew I had a waist bulge.  I have an apple pattern of weight distribution, and while I have never been overweight, and my Body Mass Index (BMI) is about 23 and change, I have a problem.  Turns out that waist circumference is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, more than weight itself.  Indeed, the waist:hip circumference ratio is more important than just being overweight. This is relatively new on the obesity scene, but it wasn’t just discovered yesterday.

The realization bothered me.  I looked for all the stats that said I was healthy, and I came up short each time.  I started to lose weight, from 170 to 165 at least.  I did it the way I have controlled my weight in the past— I looked at my diet and started finding how many calories I could easily remove.  In the past, it has been peanut butter, which I love, olive oil, fatty veggie hotdogs, all cookies and cake, and adding low calorie yogurt.  It takes a while, but I’ve always lost weight.  This time around, it was removing evening cheese, substituting dark chocolate for scones at lunch, again stopping the peanut butter, and changing the decaf white chocolate mochas I was having to decaf sugar free.   The last cut out 240 calories right there. My weight started to fall.  I was hungry at night; hell, I was hungry a lot.  It was the holidays, the worst time to lose weight, but each morning I got on the scale, I liked the numbers.

In 3 weeks, I weighed 165.  I don’t know if my waist had changed, because I didn’t measure it originally. My contour looked better, but still not right.  But I had reached my first goal, and I planned to go further.

During this time, I had my annual cardiology appointment.  I was weighed with my clothes on, and because there was freezing rain, I wore a lot, for I took the bus to the clinic.  I weighed 170, which isn’t bad with clothes on, but my BMI was listed as 23.71, which isn’t true.  It’s fine for doctors to weigh patients the same way each time, but if they are going to use that weight for BMI calculations, to two decimal places even, they either have to get rid of the clothes or subtract a few pounds.  That was only my first issue.

Everything had gone reasonably well this past year.  My Afib had recurred, as I knew it would, but I was doing well enough that the doctor didn’t think he needed to see me in a year.  I wondered, however, why he called the echocardiogram of my aortic root, 40 mm, “dilated”.  First, if it is a problem, I need to be seen annually.  Second, many don’t think it is dilated at that figure.  Third, if one looks at the recent literature using height, weight, body surface area, and age, I am below what is considered dilated.  Fourth, while I agreed we needed a second data point to see if anything has changed, he decided I didn’t need another echocardiogram for a year.  Yet, I am labelled as having a dilated aortic root, a big deal if I have a thoracic aortic aneurysm.  I don’t think I do, but I don’t like treating myself.  Nor do I like having my BMI measured to two decimal places with my clothes on and having to look online to learn about normal aortic root size. What do people do without a medical background?

I was told I was doing everything right.  True, I’m active, seldom drink, never smoke, don’t use caffeine, am vegetarian, not diabetic, have good cholesterol, normal weight and BMI (to 2 decimal places), and my systolic blood pressure is 110.  But I am concerned.  My waist-hip ratio is high, 1:1.035, and it should be less, the reciprocal.  My waist-height ratio was 0.538, and it ought to be closer to 0.5, less than at least 0.533.  I asked for a dietitian referral and at this point am waiting for a call back.  It’s the holidays, and maybe they don’t believe anybody is really serious about losing weight during the holidays.  Well, I am.

My weight continued to drop, holding at 165, and I counted all the calories I was consuming daily:  I measured the sunflower seeds on my salad, I was eating more carrots, cauliflower, and broccoli, not corn and peas, I ate apples, blueberries, strawberries, and tomatoes, and I watched the croutons I was putting on my salad, although how one measures a crouton using tablespoons is a mystery.  They are about 3 cal a pop. I used a teaspoon of olive oil on my salad. I found ways to cut calories I had never found before.

I think the cardiologist missed an opportunity.  He was busy.  I knew that as soon as he came in the room and stayed standing.  Bad form.  I always sat when I talked to patients.  Sitting conveys a sense of having time.  I realized I needed to say what I wanted and be quick about it. The waist issue didn’t bother him.  It should have. This stuff should be posted in the cardiology clinic, along with “know your BMI,” “Ready for the ratio test?” “risk factors to try to reduce,” rather than “we care about every mile of your blood vessels.”  Dietitians should be available, and frankly Medicare would do well to cover the cost, instead of only for diabetics and those with kidney disease or transplants.  Health is health.  I now know my Basal Metabolic Rate (1540 calories), how much walking for 3/4 an hour or hiking for an hour burns.  I know how to get a decaf sugar free White Chocolate Mocha and a 120 calorie Peppermint mocha at Starbucks.  I know how many calories many fruits have and that sunflower seeds have 170 calories per 2 tablespoons.  Hell, I should be counseling people.

I’m serious about weight, and it’s important to know what matters and how to count it properly.  BMI is almost always a good predictor of being overweight, but it is not a good predictor for wrong fat, fat in a bad place.  There are other numbers that address that.

I had showed up early for my appointment, but I knew the time was up.  The cardiologist didn’t even have to start walking towards the door. I have become good at reading people’s body language when they don’t want to talk to me.  At that point, I quit, because they likely haven’t been listening to me for some time.

This is now the fourth business day and I haven’t heard from the dietitian yet.  That worries me, because my original referral with the cardiologist got lost. How difficult is it to pick up the phone and take care of scheduling an appointment? If nothing else, a guy whose numbers most people would love to have thinks he should be even healthier.  Wouldn’t that be refreshing to be able to advise him, if you were a dietitian?

Maybe I will have better luck with my internist.  I will have to prepare carefully, however, needing to make sure I have all my ducks in a row and get through all my questions. I’d bring a list, but when I was in practice I hated it when patients brought in lists of things to ask.

Then again, I sat down when I talked to patients.  I listened without interrupting, too.

BMI calculator: 

Waist-hip ratio:

Waist-height ratio, BMR

 

 

THE WHOLE TRUTH AND NOTHING BUT THE LIES AND COVERUPS

December 9, 2016

The email was forwarded from the Eugene Astronomical Society:  “Dr. Smith, I need you to call ASAP about a patient of yours.  It is an emergency.”

I left practice 25 years ago.

I had hoped eventually I would be free of my past medical practice, and even being thought about as a doctor, but as late as 2010, I was still ranked as one of the top neurologists in Arizona, 17 years after I last practiced.  In 2012,  I got an occasional call wanting to be seen at “my office.”  I was stunned that data bases had not been updated for so long.  I shouldn’t have been surprised.  I bet my career after medicine on being a medical statistician, and that bombed.  I tried to improve quality in medicine, and instead every member of my family, including me, has suffered from a medical error.  I routinely  diagnose and treat myself. I shouldn’t, but it’s my reality.  It takes too long to get in to see doctors.

I ignored the call.  First, the only neurological emergency I dealt with was status epilepticus, or recurring seizures without waking up in between.  Second, I don’t respond to the term “emergency” unless it involves a family member.  I spent too long in practice treating pseudo-emergencies (“headache, see today”, which was always, and I mean always, tension) and emergency is overused. This letter could only mean trouble, and I wanted to be left alone.

A week later, a call came to the answering machine to call a law firm in Houston about a former patient of mine. They needed me to respond before 7 November, and I ignored that call, too.  The last thing I wanted to deal with was a former patient, and the statute of limitations on my care had long ago run out.  I wasn’t practicing.  Period. Leave me alone.

Two days later, I wasn’t left alone, as I was threatened with a subpoena to appear in court on another voice mail.  That I couldn’t ignore.  I called the woman—a paralegal—since lawyers are too highly paid to talk to a mere doctor.  I let her have it with both barrels about how I didn’t have a practice, I was not seeing patients, and I wanted to be left alone.  The paralegal said that my deposition was necessary as part of a class action suit.

I asked the woman whether I needed a lawyer and got an equivocal response: “Some doctors do, some don’t.”  “But,” she added, “this is not about you.”  I didn’t believe her one bit.  That’s like saying it’s not about the money, which means it is about the money.  It is not about me means it is about me. I took a wild stab and decided to call my malpractice insurance carrier, for I had paid “tail” coverage, which meant they would represent me regarding future claims, even ones that were decades ago.  MICA (Mutual Insurance Company of Arizona) was a well respected, doctor-owned malpractice insurer, and I made sure I bought tail coverage when I left medical practice.

MICA replied immediately, and shortly thereafter the attorney assigned to me and I exchanged e-mails.  She told me what she wanted—to pause before answering questions, to allow myself to think and to allow her to object if necessary.  She looked at the statute of limitations, which is two years or age 21 years for discovery, depending upon the age of the patient.  I was beyond the statute of limitations but still didn’t feel safe.  I have been sued and gone to trial.  I called it Intellectual Rape, and it was a form of PTSD, for I lost sleep over this upcoming deposition, and I was shorter with people than I normally was.  I was unpleasantly surprised but grateful to learn in advance that the defendant’s lawyer might a potential problem; I had thought it would only be the patient’s lawyer.

On deposition day, I put on decent clothes and appeared on time.  All three lawyers had flown in,  each with some form of an upper respiratory infection.  I had a list of notes to remind me: “Stop-Think”, “They are the Enemy, but they are doing their job,” “Don’t volunteer information,” “No small talk,” “I have no independent recollection.”  I used similar notes when I was being sued and at trial.

The reason for the class action suit will not be divulged here.  This in itself is unfortunate, that we have to keep such things silent from the public, when perhaps it might be useful to learn what happened and why.  It was a long day full of questions that were objected to on the basis of form, foundation, lack of evidence, and other reasons.  I still had to answer them. It was 5 grueling hours of questions, and I had to be constantly aware of what the lawyer was trying to do.  At the end, I finally allowed myself to be frustrated enough to say that the only friend I had in the room were my notes, and I was glad I dictated such complete ones.  As my lawyer and I left the room, the other two lawyers said, “We’re your friends. We aren’t trying to get you.”  I didn’t answer.  Had my lawyer not been there, I might well have brought out additional information that would have made the deposition even longer (with more objections, too).

And that is the problem with our approach to class action suits.  In my world, I would be allowed to comment as I saw fit, free from fear of being sued myself, and trying to get to the bottom of when we should have known and what we should have done at the time..

I have no idea whether my former patient will be compensated.  In the world I would like to live in, there would be compensation, not for everything, but enough to make life bearable. Instead, it’s a lottery, and if one knows there is a game, one gets a lawyer and hopes to win big.  Large law firms have web pages devoted to class actions suits currently in progress or in the pipeline.  They advertise for cases.  Their lawyers fly around the country doing depositions from people like me, the going rate for payment being $500-$1000 (or more) per hour.  This sort of behavior encourages professional witnesses (whom we used to call whores).  They do this because of the money: 1/3 or more of the compensation means up to a $2 billion is not going to patients but to lawyers and expenses.  It’s a bad system.  It is a system that wants the whole truth and nothing but the truth, but the truth is often that we often do not know for sure until there is compelling evidence, and that many harmed never get their day in court.

If we were more interested in counting bad outcomes, in order to learn, instead of to sue or to punish, and if we truly were interested in doing what is best for people, rather than padding pockets and hiding the truth, we would develop a system in place that would recognize that bad outcomes occur, that some deserve compensation, even if they aren’t aware of how to get a lawyer, and sadly, some don’t deserve compensation.

I spent a crappy 5 hours, and I probably will get some virus as a result.  But my life is great compared to the plaintiff’s, who in the legal sense probably didn’t have a claim, but in the moral sense ought to be helped, because in the country I served, we help people like that, even if we can’t make them whole.

When I dropped my lawyer off at the hotel, thankful that her presence saved me a pile of grief, she asked what I charged for the deposition.  “Not enough after today,” I said.  “$100 an hour.”

She was stunned.  “Why so little?”

“Because when I heard the going rate, I told the lawyer that was outrageous.  There is too much money in the system, and I can help just a little by not asking for so much.”  I had a crappy day, and I got paid what most people in the country would give a great deal to make.

Nearly five hours, and I got paid $400.  Yeah, the last fifty minutes was free.  Told you it was about the money.

THEY WAY WE WERE

September 4, 2016

“You will wear this monitor for 30 days, and if you feel anything strange, push this button.”

Thirty days? I thought. After my first episode of palpitations, a 48 hour Holter had been non-diagnostic. A second episode a few months later lasted long enough to obtain an EKG during it and show I was in atrial fibrillation.  A mid-level provider reassured me this was not serious.  As a neurologist, however, I knew full well (and I knew it before the mid-level was born) that atrial fibrillation is a strong risk factor for stroke.  It wasn’t his heart; it was mine. I didn’t see the cardiologist that day, but I did get an appointment for a week later, with one who had seen me before.  I’m an established patient—a week is a bit long to wait but acceptable.

My first appointment had been well after my first episode.  A then-66 year-old with palpitations ought to be seen quickly, I thought, but It took two weeks to get a Holter monitor and another month to be seen, in part because the referral got lost, and I had to call to find out what was going on.  I do wonder what happens to the elderly who aren’t physicians and might not be thinking clearly.  Would they ever call?  Would anybody notice there was no appointment? We don’t discuss bad system problems when we discuss health care reform.  We assume access and dealing with cost is the problem; quality is supposedly a given.

It isn’t.

After my diagnosis was confirmed, the cardiologist told me all the probabilities, gave me a medication if I needed it, and said he didn’t need to see me for a year.  OK, I had better than 95% chance (but not better than 97% chance) of doing well.

Twenty days later, I had another episode after a hike, and while I was fine while walking, I was light-headed in the car, so somebody drove me home.  I wrote the cardiologist, because we now have e-mail communication.  I was called two days later, not from him but from the appointment scheduler, telling me to come in for a monitor. That sounded odd, because I knew what I had.  Shortly after, I was discussing a month-long monitor, which had never been mentioned at either of my first two appointments.  Worse, it was the wrong kind of monitor for my condition, and that bothered me.  The tech was savvy enough to say I could decline the monitor, and she was right.  Patients can refuse tests.  I could not understand that if my appointment were a year away, why did I suddenly need another test?

The problem was that the cardiologist neither called me nor spoke to me.  It appears today that doctors are so busy that patient inquiries are handled by middlemen and middlewomen.  That’s a recipe for miscommunication.  I think, but don’t know for sure, the cardiologist received a message that I was desperate to know what was going on, which I wasn’t.  I was just informing him.

My wife gets after me every time I complain that “medicine isn’t the way it was when I practiced it.”  Well, it isn’t.  I spent an hour or two a day in practice on the telephone with patients, and these calls were never billed.  They were part of giving care. The patients didn’t want to talk to a nurse; they wanted to talk to me. They called about test results, and if I had my staff tell them their test was normal, they still wanted to speak to me.  I answered every call the day it was received.  I didn’t blow them off.

This is lost, now.  Thirty weeks later, I had my fourth episode, followed by my fifth 4 weeks later, both after hikes, both spontaneously converting in 2-3 hours.  I e-mailed the cardiologist asking whether I should take the pill or just ride the episode out.  I said the problem wasn’t urgent, but the longer the e-mail sits (3 business days is the reply time they say, but it has now been 9), the more likely it is to be forgotten.  Why can’t somebody pick up a phone and call me?  Or, since we have technology, answer a simple e-mail?  We’re talking 30 seconds.

My wife has the same issue.  She needed a GI evaluation, and the referral wasn’t successfully  transmitted across a street.  It was finally hand carried, which I would have done the first time. I used to walk 150 yards to an imaging center to look at my patients’ head scans with a radiologist.  It took fewer than 10 minutes, during which I got a great reading, the radiologist loved having clinical information, and I could tell the patient what was occurring, not having them go home to wait 1-2 weeks (or longer) for a report.  This is what medicine should be doing. Today, I could pull the scan up in the office and view it myself.  I probably could talk to the radiologist at the same time.

My wife had a later reason to call GI and was told she couldn’t see the doctor for five months. She’s an established patient, and five months is unacceptable. She got to talk to a PA who had a 2 month appointment wait.  I can’t count how many “Headache, emergency, see today” patients I had to work in to my daily schedule, and they were nearly all tension headaches. Same day service by a specialist.  Even a walk-in one day who was a Canadian winter visitor. I discounted the charge on the Canadian, because the problem was simple.  Who does that?

My wife got three pages of information what to try.  This involved the PA’s talking to the physician and deciding what she had on the basis of second hand communication.  Doctor Radio on Sirius XM has better.  I am convinced that a good GI physician could deal with her problem in 10-15 minutes.  Talking to a physician appears to be closely regulated. If this improves medical care and flow of patients, fine.  I’d like to see the data, however.

Fortunately, we still know a physician in Tucson, where my wife frequently goes, who does answer calls.  Semi-retired, he is as wise as they come.  He’s the kind of doctor I wish I could have been.  He’s old style when it comes to seeing people but adept at using technology, so that I could have pictures of my colonic polyps that he removed. When I needed to see him for something else, he sat down in the office and gave me the sense he was there as long as I wanted. He’s great.

If we’re too busy to do it right, then we are too busy.  I was too busy, and my only solution was to leave.  I think medicine lost something, although some might disagree.  Technology is essential in medicine, but the human voice, the human touch, the human approach is also essential.  I can’t put a price tag on it.

Robots are great in the OR.  I hope they never end up in the office.

GO FUND AMERICA

August 10, 2016

On a long drive back from Nevada, I listened to the radio and heard about a function being given in a small town to support a young man who had been severely injured.  The money was going to pay for his medical expenses.  Two nights later, I saw on the news another function to raise money for an injured man who was in a wheelchair, who looked to me, a former neurologist, quadriplegic.

I’ve seen thousands of jars of coins in my lifetime to support children with leukemia, young boys vegetative after football injuries, or a young girl in a hospital after a retaining wall fell on her at a national park.  Quads?  Yes, them, too.  Awful.  Terrible. Unfair.  Devastating.

These functions, these jars, these attempts are futile.  Yes, futile. The amount of money they collect is minuscule compared to even one day in a hospital, let alone the fees charged by a surgeon, anesthesiologist, and the consultants that are part of everyday medical care. Go Fund Me will, for a 5% fee, allow crowd sourcing to help families of victims get money.  Even right wing sheriffs in Arizona used it, despite their past opposition to the Affordable Care Act, about as ironic as it comes.  We don’t have Go Fund Me pages for the millions of people who need medical care and can’t get it.  They can’t get it because we don’t have a national system of medical care that covers catastrophic as well as basic care.  We’re better than we used to be, despite 60-odd attempts to repeal the Affordable Care Act, but we have a long way to go.

Go Fund Me works for those who have connections with others who have money.  For those with identical medical issues without such connections, and that would be far more people, there is no recourse.  That is why we need a system that covers catastrophic and basic care, so everybody has a fair chance to get necessary treatment.  Ideal and equal?  Nope.  But it would be more fair and help many more people.

Another irony is that small town America votes Republican.  The Congressman representing this town voted against taxes, he voted against the Affordable Care Act, the passage of which may have given him his seat.  Despite the fact that the ACA has insured millions of Americans and has been a success, both in decreasing bankruptcies and improving the percentage of people who consider themselves healthy, that insurance isn’t enough.  And while the ACA is starting to cost more money, that is not bad, because it means people are finally getting care for things they once let slide, like diabetes, hypertension, Pap smears, skin checks, colonoscopies.

A national health plan covering catastrophic and basic medical care would raise taxes, but it would end the practice of saddling ordinary people with hundreds of thousands of dollars of debt they can’t possibly repay.  It would help hospitals and doctors, too, both groups delivering free care.  I did as a practitioner, and the hospital for which I was medical director did, too.  The problem with Go Fund Me is that some get help and some don’t, the help not proportionate to the medical need.  Pass out leaflets instead of jars, leaflets supporting the Democratic candidate who will work to bring health care reform to the entire nation, and we would see an end of the bankruptcies occurring because of catastrophic medical expenses. Medicare’s overhead is less than Go Fund Me.  While taxes would rise, medical costs paid out in personal budgets would fall.  I can’t put a price tag on the lack of worry whether a medical condition would have to be lived with, because the cost to get care was prohibitive.

Yes, it is you in rural America who ought to start supporting Democrats who vote for things you need.  The Democrats are not coming to take your guns, your liberty, and your land.  The first two have never happened, and as for “your land,” we the American people own it, you and us, and that includes a guy like me. who enters it, doesn’t trash it, shoot up road signs, foul the water, run an ATV across fragile parts, cut down trees, and despoil what should not be despoiled.  The American people own the Owyhee, we all own the Grand Canyon, the national forests, the parks and lands held in trust for us which we must hold in trust for those whose lives are yet to begin.

We cannot realistically help everybody deal with medical bills by crowd source fund raising.  You want to help?  Then vote in legislators who will give us national health insurance so that basic and needed care will be paid for by the people of this land, because each of us is one bacterium, one virus, one plugged vessel, one leaking vessel, one drunk driver away from medical bills that may lead to bankruptcy.  I am frankly less at risk than most, because I have Medicare and can afford my supplementals.  I have social security, which I don’t need and I am near the end of my life, older than 90% of the rest of you.

I am willing to vote and have voted against my economic self-interest to pay for what is needed nationally.  What I don’t understand is why so many in rural America support those who have more than 60 times voted to repeal the ACA, and if given a chance will take away Medicare and other safety nets.

Everybody deserves a chance to have freedom from fear–fear of choosing between medical care and food, fear of bankruptcy, fear of wondering what delaying care for oneself or one’s child might mean. There are many things to be afraid of in this world, but this fear we can and should address.

We’ll be a better nation and people for doing so.

AGATE: THE CASE FOR A SINGLE PAYER SYSTEM

July 7, 2016

Years ago, in the doctor’s lounge, one of my colleagues said, “I admit it.  I make money off CT scan referrals to the center where I invested.  I’m greedy.”

While honest, he was not fulfilling a fiduciary duty, a legal obligation to act solely in another party’s interests. Parties owing this duty are called fiduciaries.  That meant when I practiced, I had to act in my patient’s best interests.  I could not order a test to make money unless the patient needed the test. For example: I might see a patient with classic carpal tunnel syndrome, 5 minute history and exam. Confirmation, if surgery were a consideration, was a nerve conduction velocity, testing to see if the velocity of conduction were decreased through the carpal tunnel of the wrist. I billed either for a simple new patient visit, $95 then, or 2 nerve conduction (NCV) studies, one in each arm, to confirm, $86.  I could have billed for both and charged $181, but it was a 5 minute evaluation, and a 5 minute NCV, and that seemed excessive.

I knew some who charged an extensive new patient visit ($165), two NCVs plus sensory conduction (the other way) on both arms with electromyography (EMG) both arms, to see if the muscle were damaged (almost never, these days) done by the tech, while they were seeing another patient, nearly $800.  Physician time: 10 minutes.  We were paid by amount billed.  My wife ran a CT scanner back then, but I did not send patients to her.  Her readings of scans were better than other radiologists, but there was an appearance of a conflict of interest had I sent a patient to her.  Many colleagues did not have such worries.  They invested in CT scanners then sent patients to them, a nationwide practice so bad that the Stark laws, named for the California congressman who introduced them in the late 80s, were passed, limiting referrals by doctors to places in which they had invested.

The Oregon Health Plan is Oregon’s Medicaid plan, Medicaid being a joint federal and state program that helps with medical costs for some with limited income and resources.  In 1996, because insurers wouldn’t cover Medicaid services in Eugene, physicians created an IPA, not the beer one, an individual practice association.  Each physician ponied up $6000 for a set number of shares; many were not happy about doing it.

For-profit Agate Healthcare bought out the IPA, claiming in 2001 they had covered 30,000 Medicaid patients and had stayed within budget. For-profits do not have a fiduciary responsibility to their patients but rather to their stockholders.  Stated another way, costs to cover medical care from beneficiaries are called “Medical Losses,” the amount paid divided by the amount received called the Medical Loss Ratio, a term I dislike, because it has the sense that delivering medical care is bad.  Doctors with shares got dividend checks every year and they could buy and sell shares.  This is OK.  It’s capitalism, and for risking $6000, doctors got some reward.

Agate later contracted with Trillium Healthcare to manage the Plan, and now with 94,000 patients Trillium has rapidly increased their revenues from a quarter to a half billion in the past two years.  Over time, stock options, something most of us don’t have, exercise, or even understand, allowed executives to obtain more shares.

Successful companies are often bought by a larger one.  Centene, based in Missouri, with $16.1 billion in revenue and $261 million in net income, bought Agate. Yet in 2015, 13,000 Lane County patients still did not have a doctor.  Big problem.  Eventually, they did, but that’s not “high-quality care” that payers, hospitals, and doctors are often trotting out.  There was concern that Agate kept some of the Medicaid money to make them look like a cash cow, a company with a lot of cash on hand.

When the buyout occurred, Agate had marketed themselves well, their share price increasing 600% overnight.  My bank pays me 0.15% annually.  When Agate was bought for $109 million, the proceeds went to the shareholders, not for medical care for homeless or paying medical debts people had in Lane County, but rather to rich, connected locals, all white and mostly men.

The CEO got $5.7 million, the CFO $4.2 million, and the entire 13 member board of directors received $34.2 million.  Another 77 doctors got a total of $41 million; 128 shareholders got $34 million. For a $6000 investment, continuously compounded, the last received a 19% return over 20 years.  The whistleblower, an investor, felt he came by his half million “somewhat honestly,” whereas the board, he said, “well, that’s an awful lot of money.”  Yeah.  It is.  But “somewhat”?  The letters to the editor blasted the whole lot of them, not that much will change.

From medical loss ratios to “managing ED use and bed days,” for profits have dictated care.  We doctors put ourselves here by fee for service and cranking up the service. For profits manage the number of bed days by discharging patients early and denying some care, but in all fairness, I saw many patients who stayed in the hospital with either no visits on the chart during a long weekend, or a bunch of “doing well”  with no documentation why they needed continued hospitalization. This isn’t and wasn’t optimal utilization of hospitals. As for denying care, in my day, carotid surgery for asymptomatic narrowing was not indicated, heavily abused, with high complication percentages. I had the data.

There is too much money flying around in medicine, but fiduciary responsibility to patients must not be lost. Fiduciary responsibility to patients often requires one to leave money on the table, rather than taking all the groceries that were supposed to feed everybody.  Like not charging $800 for carpal tunnel workups.  Or doing unnecessary surgery.

How did the Agate issue become public?  The board president, a physician, put out talking points to defend its sale.  Who got how much was kept secret; the company hired lawyers to keep the sale results private.  The media sued, and all was to be contested in court, because Agate shareholder felt it was private information whereas the media felt the money came from public funds, which indeed it was.

The newspaper knew that prior to the sale of the company, many on the inside bought shares from others who didn’t know what was happening.  This is dishonest, but it is the way people work. The paper finally received 218 pages from a disgruntled member whose own share was about a half million (the somewhat honestly guy).  He was disgruntled because share owners were asked to fund the legal costs for a minuscule amount, enough to irk him to go public. When you stand to get $5.2 million, a little thing like asking others to pay legal costs tends to annoy people.  It’s remarkable how the whole secret house of cards came tumbling down over a buck a share issue.

We need a single payer system.  This sort of stuff is what Bernie Sanders railed about all spring.

We need to tax capital gains progressively, so that when somebody makes an investment that grows 6 fold overnight, they will pay a much higher rate.  I like 80%, but 70% would be acceptable.

Finally, I noted that every doctor named but one was a surgeon.  That one got individually blasted in a letter to the editor.  Seemed that he disappeared when a woman’s father was in his final hours. She never forgave him. Would you?

Fiduciary responsibility would have dictated different behavior there, too.

DRUNK WITHOUT ALCOHOL: SLEEP DEPRIVATION

April 14, 2016

After the second long flight on the trip, from Tokyo to Singapore, we arrived in the Lion City about 1 a.m.  Fortunately, we had booked a hotel at the airport, and all we had to do was find it.

Biologically, it was about 10 a.m. the next day for me, and I had not slept well on the plane.  I seldom do.  Usually, my head flops over and wakes me up, and I couldn’t find a way to rest it elsewhere that worked.  Yet, I felt surprisingly sharp, as we walked through the terminal.  The terminal wasn’t quiet; indeed, the world isn’t quiet, even when it ought to be.

I wasn’t sharp,  although I didn’t realize it.  I had trouble finding the right tram, and the “T2” sign didn’t click with me as meaning “Terminal 2.”  I thought it meant “Tram 2.”  Nevertheless, we got to the hotel and slept a little.

The next morning, I realized how much clearer I was after even 5 hours of sleep.  There was so much I had missed in the airport the prior night.  I didn’t realize the shortness of the tram and the various shops present.  It wasn’t like I was totally stupid the night before, but I thought I had been functioning well, and instead I had acted like I was mildly drunk.

Exactly.

Being sleep deprived for 24 hours is akin to being drunk.

When I learned German online, I was often teaching English to people all over the world.  I was amazed at the hours when they were awake.  No, not the hours in my time zone, but hours in theirs.  People were up at 2,3 or 4 a.m.  I can’t fathom this.  I have often wondered if the one of the big problems in the world is that a good share of humanity is functioning half or fully drunk because they aren’t sleeping enough.  It sure would explain a lot of the world’s problems.

If I am separated from the felines who live with me, like when I take a canoe trip, I find I sleep even more than the 7 hours I usually get, although eventually I return to that number.

I knew sleep deprivation was bad when I was a physician.  I felt awful, the telephone’s ringing jarred me, I occasionally dozed, and I often sat writing a note on a patient, only to realize I was staring at the paper and nothing was appearing on it.  Had I been drinking and practicing medicine, I would have been thrown off the hospital staff.  Instead, they tolerated me for years functioning at a sub-optimal level, called “not enough sleep,” and actually expected it.  My partners did, my colleagues did, my teachers did, for the “giants” of medicine, those who in my view made the mess American medicine is, were purportedly able to function without eating, sleeping, or vacations.  They were held up as paragons of medical virtue.

The only bad evaluation I received as a medical student was when I gave the wrong order at midnight and fell back asleep.  The next day, the patient needed a ventilator.  I felt badly, for good doctors give the right order any time day or night.  I obviously was not good.

Eventually, medical programs recognized the need for doctors in training to get enough sleep.  Pilots have known about sleep deprivation for a lot longer.  The airline disasters in the Marianas and Colombia were in large part due to pilot fatigue.  Pilots take brief naps on long haul flights, for a nap has been shown to improve performance.  I wonder sometimes how many errors I made because I was too tired.  We all gave orders over the phone at night and had in the future to sign off our phone orders.  There were always orders I gave at say 3:27 a.m. that I had no recollection of  giving.  No recollection.  That’s scary.

More than one has teased me for the brief 10 minute afternoon nap I often take and have taken for years.  Because I have animals, I am up at 5.  I am in bed by 9, when most I know go to bed a lot later.  Indeed, I often wonder if they go to bed at all.  There appears to be a gap between 2 and 5 in the afternoon on the US West Coast, when the rest of the world is quieter.  Three hours.  Then in the evening the messages start, and when I awaken at 5, there are often messages sent to me at 1,2,3 a.m. as if I were awake at those hours.

Nope.  I’m not.  I can’t function awake at 24 hours.  Nobody can.  Oh, people can be awake that long, but they are kidding themselves if they think they can function.  They are missing things in life, because we just aren’t able to function normally.